All Posts (4)

Sort by


The development of human rights is a complex and evolving process that has been shaped by historical events and social movements. Among the most important of these movements is the Haitian Revolution, a watershed moment in the struggle for human dignity, individual liberty, and social justice.

The Haitian Revolution, which took place between 1791 and 1804, was a remarkable achievement that led to the establishment of an independent Haitian state and the abolition of slavery. It served as a powerful reminder of the importance of collective action and a commitment to social justice. The revolutionaries recognized the fundamental value of equality, emphasizing that every person, regardless of their race, gender, or social status, should have equal access to the protections and benefits of the law.

In addition to political and civil rights, the Haitian Revolution emphasized the importance of social and economic rights. The revolutionaries recognized that access to basic resources such as food, shelter, and healthcare were essential to the right to dignity and the right to self-determination. This emphasis on social and economic rights has become an integral part of modern human rights law, which recognizes the importance of economic justice and social welfare.

The impact of the Haitian Revolution on the development of international human rights law cannot be overstated. As other nations became aware of the revolution and its implications, they began to reconsider their own policies on slavery and human dignity. The Haitian Revolution was seen as a powerful example of resistance and self-determination, inspiring other movements for social justice around the world. Today, the principles of human rights that were first articulated during the Haitian Revolution are recognized by virtually every nation in the world, and they are enshrined in international treaties and agreements. It is certainly fair to say that Haiti is the "Mother of Liberty."

Despite the remarkable achievements of the Haitian Revolution, Haiti continues to face significant challenges, including political instability, economic hardship, and natural disasters. The country remains an important symbol of resistance and hope for people around the world who are struggling for their own rights and dignity. However, the current political and social situation in Haiti is a matter of concern, with leaders who have been manipulated by colonial powers and sponsored gangs spreading terror across the nation.

As a great nation, Haiti cannot allow a small group of gangsters to continue to hold the population of over 14 million people hostage. The Haitian people must stand together and take back their country. Drawing on the strength of their remarkable history and their deep sense of resilience and determination, they can reclaim their nation and continue to serve as an inspiration to those around the world fighting for freedom, justice, and human rights.


Read more…

True Facts About Haiti from 1804 to 1940

On January 1, 1804, Haiti declared its independence from France, becoming the first black republic in the world. This achievement came after a long and bloody struggle against colonialism and slavery, led by Toussaint L'Ouverture and other revolutionary leaders. However, Haiti's path to freedom was not easy, and the new nation faced numerous challenges in the following decades.

One of the main challenges for Haiti after independence was to establish a stable and effective government. In the early years of the republic, several leaders emerged, each with his own vision for the future of the country. Among them were Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who became Haiti's first ruler, and Alexandre Pétion, who founded the southern state of Haiti and promoted education and agriculture. However, political rivalries, coups, and assassinations also characterized this period, leading to frequent changes of government and instability.

Another major challenge for Haiti was to rebuild its economy after years of exploitation and neglect by the French colonial authorities. The new government tried to encourage agriculture and trade, but the legacy of slavery and the lack of infrastructure and capital hindered these efforts. Moreover, Haiti faced external pressures from European powers, who sought to isolate and punish the new republic for its defiance of colonial rule. France demanded a huge indemnity for the loss of its colony, which Haiti had to pay off over several decades, plunging the country into debt.

One of the most significant external pressures on Haiti came from the United States, which had a long and complicated relationship with the new republic. The US was initially sympathetic to Haiti's struggle for independence, seeing it as an extension of its own revolution against British rule. However, as Haiti's government became more unstable and its debt more burdensome, the US began to see Haiti as a threat to its own interests in the Caribbean. American merchants and planters had long profited from trade with Haiti, but they also feared the potential for a black-led revolution in their own country. In 1825, the US government recognized Haiti's independence, but only on the condition that Haiti pay France the indemnity it demanded, and also that the US be allowed to trade freely with the island.

US-Haiti relations continued to be fraught with tensions over the next century, as the US government tried to exert its influence over the island. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the US intervened in Haiti several times, citing concerns about instability, debt, and the threat of foreign powers. In 1915, the US military invaded Haiti, ostensibly to restore order and protect American interests. The occupation lasted for 19 years, during which time the US government imposed its own administration, suppressed local dissent, and pursued economic and social reforms. The occupation was highly controversial and sparked resistance from Haitian nationalists, as well as criticism from other countries.

US high officials made derogatory statements about Haiti throughout history. In 1900, President William McKinley remarked that "Haiti is a tropical cesspool." In 1915, US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan described Haiti as a "negro republic" and suggested that its people were incapable of self-government. During the US occupation of Haiti, US Marine Corps General Smedley Butler referred to Haitians as "niggers" and "monkeys" in his memoirs. In 1928, US President Herbert Hoover remarked that "there is no danger of a revolution in Haiti...because they are a happy-go-lucky bunch of people."

During the US occupation of Haiti, the US government took control of Haiti's finances and its gold reserve, and used them to pay off foreign debts and 

invest in US corporations operating in Haiti. This further deepened Haiti's economic dependence on the US and sparked resentment among Haitians. In addition to economic exploitation, the US occupation also had a significant cultural and political impact on Haiti. The US imposed its own language, education, and legal systems on the country, and sought to "modernize" it according to American ideals. This led to a clash of cultures and values, and a growing sense of Haitian nationalism and anti-American sentiment.

The US occupation of Haiti ended in 1934, but the legacy of American intervention and exploitation continued to shape Haiti's history. In the following years, Haiti experienced a series of political crises, coups, and dictatorships, as well as natural disasters and economic hardships. US-Haiti relations remained complex and often contentious, as the US government alternated between support for Haiti's democratic aspirations and interference in its internal affairs. US aid and intervention often came with strings attached, and were criticized for promoting American interests over Haitian sovereignty and development.

During the 1920s, Haiti experienced a series of political upheavals and economic crises. In 1928, Louis Borno was elected as president of Haiti, and he sought to stabilize the country's finances and modernize its infrastructure. He also tried to improve relations with the US, which had become strained due to the previous administration's resistance to American intervention.

Borno's efforts to improve ties with the US were complicated by the Great Depression, which had a severe impact on Haiti's economy. The US government responded with a policy of protectionism, imposing tariffs on Haitian exports and restricting imports from Haiti. This worsened Haiti's economic woes and sparked protests and unrest.

In 1930, Borno was re-elected in a controversial election that was marred by violence and fraud. He continued his modernization efforts, but also faced criticism for his authoritarian tendencies and his reliance on foreign aid. In 1934, the US occupation of Haiti officially ended, but US influence in the country continued through economic and political ties.

During the 1930s, Haiti was also affected by the rise of fascist and authoritarian regimes in Europe and the Americas. In 1937, the Dominican Republic, which shares the island of Hispaniola with Haiti, launched a brutal campaign of ethnic cleansing against Haitians living in the border region. Thousands of Haitians were massacred, and tens of thousands more were deported to Haiti. The US government, which had a significant presence in the Dominican Republic, did not intervene to stop the violence, and this further strained US-Haiti relations.

In 1940, Sténio Vincent was elected as president of Haiti, succeeding Borno. Vincent sought to continue Borno's policies of modernization and economic development, but also faced challenges from opposition groups and labor unions. The outbreak of World War II also had a significant impact on Haiti, as the country became a strategic location for US military operations in the Caribbean.

During this period, the US government continued to have significant influence in Haiti, and its policies often prioritized American interests over Haitian sovereignty and development. This led to criticism from Haitian leaders and intellectuals, who called for greater autonomy and self-determination. The legacy of US intervention and exploitation continued to shape Haiti's history and relations with the US in the following decades.

Despite these challenges, Haiti also had moments of hope and resilience, as well as cultural and artistic achievements. Haitian writers, musicians, and artists emerged as influential voices in the Caribbean and beyond, expressing the rich and diverse culture of the country. Haiti also played a role in the wider struggles for freedom and justice, supporting other liberation movements in the Americas and Africa. Today, Haiti remains a complex and vibrant nation, facing new challenges and opportunities in the 21st century. Its history is a reminder of the enduring struggles and aspirations of the Haitian people, as well as the complex and often fraught relationships between nations and cultures.

Read more…

True Facts About Haiti from 1514 to 1804


Haiti, a small Caribbean nation, has a rich and complex history that spans centuries. From its origins as a Spanish colony to its emergence as the first independent black republic in the world, Haiti's story is one of struggle, resilience, and triumph. Here are some key facts about Haiti's history from 1514 to 1804:

In 1514, the island of Hispaniola, which includes present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic, was claimed by Spain. The island's native Taíno people were enslaved and largely wiped out by the Spanish colonizers. In 1697, under the Treaty of Ryswick, Spain ceded the western third of Hispaniola to France, which would become Haiti.

Haiti quickly became one of the most profitable European colonies due to the massive export of sugar and coffee grown on plantations using enslaved African labor. The enslaved population of Haiti, which made up the vast majority of the colony's population, suffered brutal treatment at the hands of their French masters.

In 1791, Haiti's enslaved population, led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, began a rebellion against French colonial rule. This rebellion, known as the Haitian Revolution, was one of the most successful slave revolts in history. Over the next 13 years, Haiti's enslaved population fought for and won their freedom, defeating the powerful French army in the process.

In 1804, Haiti became the first independent black republic in the world after defeating the French army in the Haitian Revolution, led by Jean-Jacques Dessalines. The newly independent Haiti was not recognized by other countries for over a decade and was forced to pay reparations to France for the value of their lost colony. Despite this, Haiti's independence was a major turning point in world history and served as an inspiration to enslaved people around the world.

Haiti's history is also marked by the fact that it was the first country in Latin America to abolish slavery. The Haitian Revolution was a significant moment for the abolition of slavery as it marked the first time in history where enslaved people successfully fought for and won their freedom against a powerful European nation.

Throughout its history, Haiti has faced numerous challenges, including economic hardship, political instability, and natural disasters. However, the resilience and determination of its people have helped the country to continue moving forward. Today, Haiti continues to face challenges, but it remains a vibrant and unique nation with a rich cultural heritage.

In conclusion, Haiti's history is a complex and fascinating one. From its origins as a Spanish colony to its emergence as the first independent black republic in the world, Haiti's story is one of struggle, resilience, and triumph. The Haitian Revolution was a significant moment for the abolition of slavery and it marked the first time in history where enslaved people successfully fought for and won their freedom against a powerful European nation. The resilience and determination of its people have helped the country to continue moving forward and today, Haiti remains a vibrant and unique nation with a rich cultural heritage.

Here are some specific important events that transpired during the period of 1514 to 1804 in Haiti's history:

  • In 1791, a slave rebellion broke out in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, which would later become Haiti. This rebellion was led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, an enslaved man of African descent who had previously been a coachman and later educated himself. Toussaint was able to unite different ethnic groups of enslaved people and organize them into a formidable military force.
  • In 1793, the French National Assembly abolished slavery in all French colonies in an effort to undermine the rebellion. Toussaint and his followers, many of whom were former slaves, seized the opportunity and continued to fight for their freedom.
  • In 1798, Toussaint seized control of the colony and declared himself Governor-General. He established a stable government and began to rebuild the economy. He also established alliances with other nations such as the United States and Great Britain.
  • In 1801, the French government, under Napoleon Bonaparte, sent an army to retake control of Haiti. Toussaint was captured and exiled to France, where he died in prison.
  • In 1803, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, one of Toussaint's generals, took control of the rebellion and continued the fight against the French. He was able to defeat the French army in 1804, and on January 1, 1804, he declared Haiti an independent nation, making it the first independent black republic in the world.
  • In 1805, Jean-Jacques Dessalines declared himself Emperor of Haiti, and began to rule the country as a dictator.
  • In 1806, Dessalines was assassinated, and his empire collapsed. Haiti was then split into two separate countries, Haiti and the Republic of Spanish Haiti.
  • In 1820s, Haiti was forced to pay reparations to France to compensate them for the loss of their colony and help to repay the French slave-owners. This debt was not fully paid off until 1947.

These events are of high historical value as they mark the first successful slave revolt in the world, leading to the creation of the first independent black nation in the world. They also mark the end of slavery in the Latin America and the Caribbean and the emergence of Haiti as a sovereign nation. The Haitian Revolution was a major turning point in world history and serves as an inspiration for enslaved people around the world to fight for their freedom.


Read more…

Haiti Before its Independence (1492 - 1514)

mapa tribus color

The precontact Taíno culture occupying the island of Haiti (also indigenously referred to as Quisqueya or Bohio) was a well-organized communal society divided among five caciquats or “kingdoms.” In Taíno, Haiti means “high ground” or “mountainous land.” However, the Taíno population (Taíno meaning “good” or “noble”) was primarily concentrated on the island’s coastal plains and interior valleys. Each caciquat was governed by a cacique (chief). 

MARIEN - Covered all the northeast of the island, from what is today Môle St. Nicolas, Haiti, to the shores of the Yaque del Norte river in the Monte Cristi area of the D.R.. It was subdivided in 14 nitainatos and Guacanagari was their principal Cacique.

XARAGUA - Covered the southeast part of the island, from the area of Anse d'Hainault, Haiti, it crossed the Neiba mountain range and close to the Neiba Bay, D.R. It was subdivided into 26 nitainatos and Behechio or Bhohechio was their cacique.

MAGUANA - Located in the center of the island, probably started around Santiago, covering the southern area of the Cibao, and the San Juan de la Maguana Valley, down to the Caribbean sea. It was subdivided into 21 nitainatos and was ruled by Caonabo who was believed to have been from Caribe origins.

MAGUA - From Monte Cristi, through the Septentrional mountain range, covered all the northwest area until the Samana cape. In the south it would have ended between the Yamasa and Monteplata areas. The Ciguayo-Macorix zone covered the San Juan river, Nagua and Samana. It also had 21 nitainatos and was ruled by Mayobanex.

HIGUEY - The northern border began in the Yuna river mouth: to the east, from the Monteplata area and Santo Domingo, covering all the southeastern part of the island. It held 21 nitainatos and was ruled by Cayacoa.

Before Columbus’ arrival, Haiti had been known by a few names: “Ayiti” by the native population, “Quisqueya” to the people on surrounding islands, and “Bohio” as well. “Ayiti” comes from the Taíno, meaning “Flower of high land” which is more commonly translated as “Mountainous land”.

One important fact to note is that Haiti was not discovered by Christopher Columbus. As a parade of European explorers and colonists claimed the land as their own, they gave it new names, aggressively imposing a series of new identities on a place that had existed long before their arrival: First, “Espanola”, meaning “Little Spain”, after Columbus’ arrival, then “Saint-Domingue” under French rule, and informally, “The Pearl of the Antilles” as the colony “flourished” with the enormous profits furnished by slave labor and sugar cane.

It is uncertain how many Taíno were living in Hispaniola at first contact. Estimates of the population range from several hundred thousand to over a million.[1] Soon after Columbus’ return, more Spanish settlers arrived; and by 1504 the last major Taíno cacique was deposed during the War of Higüey. Over the subsequent ten years, living conditions for the Taíno declined steadily. The Spaniards exploited the  island’s gold mines and reduced the Taíno to slavery. Within twenty-five years of Columbus’ arrival in Haiti, most of the Taíno had died from enslavement, massacre, or disease.  By 1514, only 32,000 Taíno survived in Hispaniola.


We encourage you to share below any additional facts about this period from 1492 to 1514 that would further edify our members.



Read more…

Blog Topics by Tags

Monthly Archives


Admin posted a status
Mar 22
Les Cange updated their profile photo
Mar 7
Les Cange left a comment on Leave a Comment
"Hello Couz, I'm thrilled to see that you've reengaged. There's important work ahead of us! Our initial step in liberating Haiti is to bring together all like-minded Haitians in one place. Once we accomplish this, we'll witness extraordinary…"
Mar 7
Genson Damour and Isaac Laguerre are now friends
Mar 7